Escherichia coli expressing the Dr family of adhesins adheres to epithelial cells by binding to decay-accelerating factor (DAF) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)-related cell surface proteins. The attachment of bacteria expressing Dr adhesins to DAF induces clustering of DAF around bacterial cells and also recruitment of CEA-related cell adhesion molecules. CEA, CEACAM1, and CEACAM6 have been shown to serve as receptors for some Dr adhesins (AfaE-I, AfaE-III, DraE, and DaaE). We demonstrate that AfaE-I, AfaE-V, DraE, and DaaE adhesins bind to the N-domain of CEA. To identify the residues involved in the N-CEA/DraE interaction, we performed SPR binding analyses of naturally occurring variants and a number of randomly generated mutants in DraE and N-CEA. Additionally, we used chemical shift mapping by NMR to determine the surface of DraE involved in N-CEA binding. These results show a distinct CEA binding site located primarily in the A, B, E, and D strands of the Dr adhesin. Interestingly, this site is located opposite to the β-sheet encompassing the previously determined binding site for DAF, which implies that the adhesin can bind simultaneously to both receptors on the epithelial cell surface. The recognition of CEACAMs from a highly diverse DrCEA subfamily of Dr adhesins indicates that interaction with these receptors plays an important role in niche adaptation of E. coli strains expressing Dr adhesins.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Sep 29 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology