A sustainable agricultural future relies on the transition to organic agroecological pest management

Lauren Brzozowski, Michael Mazourek

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

The need to improve agricultural sustainability to secure yields, minimize environmental impacts and buffer environmental change is widely recognized. Investment in conventional agriculture has supported its present yield advantage. However, organic agriculture with agroecological management has nascent capacity for sustainable production and for increasing yields in the future. Conventional systems have leveraged reductionist approaches to address pests, primarily through pesticides that seek to eliminate biological factors that reduce yield, but come at a cost to human and ecosystem health, and leave production systems vulnerable to the development of pest resistance to these chemicals or traits. Alternatives are needed, and are found in organic production approaches. Although both organic and agroecology approaches encompass more than pest management, this aspect is a pivotal element of our agricultural future. Through increased investment and application of emerging analytical approaches to improve plant breeding for and management of these systems, yields and resilience will surpass approaches that address components alone.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2023
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 by the authors.

Keywords

  • Agroecology
  • Biodiversity
  • Host plant resistance
  • Organic agriculture
  • Pest management
  • Pesticides
  • Plant breeding
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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