Objective: Assess impact and feasibility of a Tobacco-Free Ambassador Program on campus policy compliance. Participants: Trained Ambassadors made 253 visits to campus sites over 15 months to observe and/or approach violators. Methods: Policy violators were observed at 23 locations during Wave 1 (April-June 2012) and/or Wave 2 (April-June 2013). For locations with at least 5 visits, average violators per visit were compared between the 2 waves using a paired t test. Attributes of violators were summarized. Cigarette butts were collected over 3-day periods in 4 campus hotspots during each wave. Personnel time and cost to implement the program were determined. Results: There were declines in observed violators per Ambassador visit and number of cigarette butts over time. Rate of violators per visit declined from 5.47 to 1.93, a 65% decrease. Personnel time was equal to 1.5 full-time equivalents annually. Conclusions: The Ambassador Program was a feasible and potentially effective strategy to increase policy compliance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-133
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of American College Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 17 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The project described was supported by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health [Grant Number UL1TR000117]. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • college
  • compliance
  • policy
  • tobacco control
  • tobacco-free

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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