A UV-responsive G2 checkpoint in rodent cells

David K. Orren, Lone N. Petersen, Vilhelm A. Bohr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations


We have studied the effect of UV irradiation on the cell cycle progression of synchronized Chinese hamster ovary cells. Synchronization of cells in S or G2 phase was accomplished by the development of a novel protocol using mimosine, which blocks cell cycle progression at the G1/S boundary. After removal of mimosine, cells proceed synchronously through the S and G2 phases, allowing manipulation of cells at specific points in either phase. Synchronization of cells in G1 was achieved by release of cells after a period of serum starvation. Cells synchronized by these methods were UV irradiated at defined points in G1, S, and G2, and their subsequent progression through the cell cycle was monitored. UV irradiation of G1- synchronized cells caused a dose-dependent delay in entry into S phase. Irradiation of S-phase-synchronized cells inhibited progression through S phase and then resulted in accumulation of cells for a prolonged interval in G2. Apoptosis of a subpopulation of cells during this extended period was noted. UV irradiation of G2-synchronized cells caused a shorter G2 arrest. The arrest itself and its duration were dependent upon the timing (within G2 phase) of the irradiation and the UV dose, respectively. We have thus defined a previously undescribed (in mammalian cells) UV-responsive checkpoint in G2 phase. The implications of these findings with respect to DNA metabolism are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3722-3730
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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