A Wearable Fluorescence Imaging Device for Intraoperative Identification of Human Brain Tumors

Mehrana Mohtasebi, Chong Huang, Mingjun Zhao, Siavash Mazdeyasna, Xuhui Liu, Samaneh Rabienia Haratbar, Faraneh Fathi, Jinghong Sun, Thomas Pittman, Guoqiang Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Malignant glioma (MG) is the most common type of primary malignant brain tumors. Surgical resection of MG remains the cornerstone of therapy and the extent of resection correlates with patient survival. A limiting factor for resection, however, is the difficulty in differentiating the tumor from normal tissue during surgery. Fluorescence imaging is an emerging technique for real-time intraoperative visualization of MGs and their boundaries. However, most clinical grade neurosurgical operative microscopes with fluorescence imaging ability are hampered by low adoption rates due to high cost, limited portability, limited operation flexibility, and lack of skilled professionals with technical knowledge. To overcome the limitations, we innovatively integrated miniaturized light sources, flippable filters, and a recording camera to the surgical eye loupes to generate a wearable fluorescence eye loupe (FLoupe) device for intraoperative imaging of fluorescent MGs. Two FLoupe prototypes were constructed for imaging of Fluorescein and 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA), respectively. The wearable FLoupe devices were tested on tumor-simulating phantoms and patients with MGs. Comparable results were observed against the standard neurosurgical operative microscope (PENTERO® 900) with fluorescence kits. The affordable and wearable FLoupe devices enable visualization of both color and fluorescence images with the same quality as the large and expensive stationary operative microscopes. The wearable FLoupe device allows for a greater range of movement, less obstruction, and faster/easier operation. Thus, it reduces surgery time and is more easily adapted to the surgical environment than unwieldy neurosurgical operative microscopes. Clinical and Translational Impact Statement - The affordable and wearable fluorescence imaging device developed in this study enables neurosurgeons to observe brain tumors with the same clarity and greater flexibility compared to bulky and costly operative microscopes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-232
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
StatePublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors.


  • Fluorescence guided surgery
  • malignant glioma
  • neurosurgical operative microscope
  • wearable fluorescence imaging device

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering


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