Abnormal bone histology in idiopathic hypercalciuria

Hartmut H. Malluche, Wolfgang Tschoepe, Eberhard Ritz, Wolfgang Meyer-Sabellek, Shaul G. Massry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bone histology was evaluated in iliac crest biopsies of 15 patients with idiopathic hypercalciuria of the hyper-absorptive type and recurrent calcium oxalate stone formation. The biopsies were studied using quantitative histomorphometric analysis of undecalcified sections and fluorescent microscopy after double tetracycline labeling. Urinary calcium and cAMP excretion were measured under basal conditions and after oral administration of calcium phosphate. Absorptive hypercalciuria was defined as a urinary excretion of calcium of more than 15 meq/24 h and/or a urinary ratio of Ca to Cr of more than 0.2, with a fall in the Ca to Cr ratio of more than 40% after the administration of oral cellulose phosphate. Osteoclastic bone resorption was normal or low in all patients and did not show any recognizable correlation with urinary calcium or urinary cAMP. All but one of the patients showed an increase in the fraction of inactive osteoid. Total osteoid was increased in 60% of the patients. Osteoblastic activity was significantly lower in the patients than in the control subjects. The fraction of mineralizing osteoid seams (i.e. seams with a tetracycline double labeling pattern), was diminished in all patients and the mean rate of apposition of bone matrix was decreased. These findings point to a diminished amount of bone matrix produced by individual osteoblasts and to a delay or cessation of terminal (secondary) mineralization of osteoid seams.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)654-658
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume50
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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