Academic entitlement in pharmacy education

Jeff Cain, Frank Romanelli, Kelly M. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations


The constructs of academic entitlement and student consumerism refer to students' attitudes toward education as a commodity and the underlying belief that as consumers, they should be catered to and given the opportunity to participate in the education process according to their preferences. Most discussions regarding these attitudes are anecdotal, but the pervasiveness of these accounts and the troubling effects that ensue warrant attention. Grade inflation, student incivility, altered classroom practices, and decreased faculty morale are all potential aftereffects of teaching students who hold academic entitlement beliefs. Numerous factors are posited as attributing to academic entitlement including personal issues, societal pressures, and broad academic practices. This paper discusses these factors and offers faculty members and administrators recommendations regarding practices that may curb or alleviate issues associated with academically entitled students.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2012


  • Academia
  • Academic entitlement
  • Higher education
  • Student evaluations
  • Students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
  • Pharmacy


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