Accessing drug-abuse treatment: Perceptions of out-of-treatment injectors

David Farabee, Carl G. Leukefeld, Lon Hays

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


The Presidential Commission on the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Epidemic (1988) developed a 10-year plan in 1987 that recommended: 'Expanded drug abuse treatment programs sufficient to admit all IV drug users who desired services and, until that occurred, short-term detoxification and low-dose methadone for those on waiting lists.' This study presents data collected from a sample of 2,613 out-of-treatment and nonincarcerated injection drug users in 21 U.S. cities to examine their drug-treatment access during the past year. Analyses on injectors who tried but were unable to enter treatment revealed that program-based reasons (e.g., no room, too costly, or stringent admission criteria) are the most commonly given barriers to drug treatment (72%). However, a notable number of injectors (20%) also reported that individual-based reasons are important for not accessing drug treatment. Injectors giving program- and individual-based reasons for not entering treatment are profiled using logistic regression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-394
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Drug Issues
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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