Achieving equal opportunity and justice

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Contending with structural inequality and injustices that have accumulated over the life course of older adults from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups is challenging. Sexual minorities are often invisible and face stigma, which creates a reluctance to self-identify. In addition, there is the intersection of ethnicity, race, gender, and class and its impact on inequality. These disadvantages make it difficult for older adults to achieve their maximum potential in life. This chapter addresses these issues through the lens of cultural humility, an intentional awareness of suspending presuppositions about a group. Cumulative inequality theory is also discussed as it offers a comprehensive examination of factors that shape older adult lives, especially an older adult who also identifies as a sexual minority. Specific strategies for practitioners, organizations, and policymakers are offered. By considering these strategies, achieving equal opportunities for a growing cohort is possible.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGerontological Social Work and the Grand Challenges
Subtitle of host publicationFocusing on Policy and Practice
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9783030263348
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019.


  • Cultural humility
  • Cumulative inequality
  • Injustice
  • LGBT
  • Long-term care
  • Racial and ethnic
  • Transgender

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology
  • General Social Sciences
  • General Medicine


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