ACTFL OPIc question prompt and advanced Spanish fluency

Alan V. Brown, Gregory L. Thompson, Troy Cox

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Fluency is a key feature used to gauge task complexity in L2 research. In this chapter we explore the relationship between the temporal fluency of Spanish candidates' (N = 154) speech and their official American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) rating on the OPIc- A computer-based version of the Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI). We investigated the temporal fluency of speakers at the Intermediate-High, Advanced-Low, and Advanced-Mid (N = 109) levels. The results indicated that, in general, the OPIc question prompts discriminated between the Intermediate and Advanced major levels and the Advanced sub-levels appropriately since the fluency of higher-rated speakers surpassed that of lower-rated speakers on nearly every fluency measure, regardless of prompt.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSecond Language Spanish. Definitions, challenges, and possibilities
EditorsMandy R. Menke, Paul A. Malovrh
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9789027260321
StatePublished - 2021

Publication series

NameIssues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics
ISSN (Print)2213-3887

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 John Benjamins Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


  • Actfl
  • Advancedness
  • Opic
  • Question prompt
  • Temporal fluency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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