Active control of machine tool chatter for a boring BAR: Experimental results

Sanjiv G. Tewani, Thad C. Switzer, Bruce L. Walcott, Keith E. Rouch, Ted R. Massa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

A typical boring bar is a metal cutting tool with large overhang ratio, due to which it is characterized by low dynamic stiffness. Therefore, during cutting process, it is susceptible to cutting instability, known as machine tool chatter. In this ptaper, the use of an active dynamic absorber to actively control machine tool chatter in a boring bar is studied. An active dynamic absorber is designed such that it can be easily assembled with a commercially available steel boring bar. A piezoelectric pusher is used as the actuator for the active dynamic absorber. The dynamic equations of the boring bar with active dynamic absorber are calculated from experimentally obtained frequency response functions of the system. Optimal control theory is applied to the dynamic equations to calculate state variable feedback parameters. The state variable feedback is implemented using a Digital Signal Processing (DSP) chip. Cutting tests were performed with this setup for different cutting conditions, and for different overhangs of the boring bar. Stable cutting operations were performed using the boring bar with active dynamic absorber, for length to diameter (L/D) ratio upto 9.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication14th Biennial Conference on Mechanical Vibration and Noise
Subtitle of host publicationVibration and Control of Mechanical Systems
Pages103-115
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9780791811771
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993
EventASME 1993 Design Technical Conferences, DETC 1993 - Albuquerque, United States
Duration: Sep 19 1993Sep 22 1993

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference
VolumePart F167972-9

Conference

ConferenceASME 1993 Design Technical Conferences, DETC 1993
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAlbuquerque
Period9/19/939/22/93

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgement This research has been performed with the support of Kennametal Inc. at Latrobe, Pennsylvania, and Center for Robotics and Manufacturing Systems at University of Kentucky. We are thankftil for all the help and support given by Mr. David Siddle, and Mr. John VanKirk of Keimametal, Inc..

Publisher Copyright:
© 1993 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). All rights reserved.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Modeling and Simulation

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