Acute Pancreatitis Admission Trends: A National Estimate through the Kids' Inpatient Database

Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Samer El-Dika, Alice Hinton, Darwin L. Conwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate national health care use and costs for pediatric acute pancreatitis. Study design: The Kids' Inpatient Database for 2006, 2009, and 2012 was queried for patients with a principal diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Cases were grouped by age: preschool (<5 years of age), school age (5-14 years of age), and adolescents (>14 years of age). Results: A total of 27 983 discharges for acute pancreatitis were found. The number of admissions increased with age: young n = 1279, middle n = 8012, and older n = 18 692. Duration of stay was highest in preschool children (median, 3.47 days; IQR, 2.01-7.35), compared with school age (median, 3.22 days; IQR, 1.81-5.63) and adolescents (median, 2.87 days; IQR, 1.61-4.81; P <.001). The median cost of hospitalization varied with age: $6726 for preschoolers, $5400 for school-aged children, and $5889 for adolescents (P <.001). Acute pancreatitis–associated diagnoses varied by age. The presence of gallstone pancreatitis, alcohol, and hypertriglyceridemia was more common among older children compared with younger children (P <.001). There was an increasing trend in acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis, and obesity for the 2 older age groups (P <.001). Conclusion: Admission of children for acute pancreatitis constitutes a significant healthcare burden, with a rising number of admissions with age. However, the cost and duration of stay per admission are highest in young children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-151.e1
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume194
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • children
  • database
  • pancreatitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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