Addition of an iliac/obturator lymph node dissection does not improve nodal recurrence or survival in melanoma

Michael E. Egger, Russell E. Brown, Brent A. Roach, Amy R. Quillo, Robert C.G. Martin, Charles R. Scoggins, Arnold J. Stromberg, Kelly M. McMasters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Controversy exists regarding the value and indications for inguinal dissection alone or in combination with an iliac/obturator lymph node dissection for melanoma. Study Design We reviewed patients from a multicenter prospective clinical trial and a single center who underwent inguinal dissection alone or combined with an iliac/obturator dissection for cutaneous melanoma. Analyses were stratified and compared by microscopic or macroscopic (palpable or detected by imaging) disease. Results The study was composed of 134 patients with a median follow-up of 39 months. Indications for inguinal dissection were microscopic disease in 94 (70%) patients and macroscopic nodal disease in 40 (30%) patients. An iliac/obturator dissection yielded tumor-positive pelvic nodes in 25% vs 55% in the microscopic vs macroscopic groups, respectively (p = 0.10). No risk factors for positive pelvic nodes were identified. For both microscopic and macroscopic disease, addition of an iliac/obturator dissection to an inguinal dissection did not significantly reduce the risk of pelvic nodal recurrence. Five-year overall survival rates for 4 groups were compared: microscopic disease, inguinal dissection alone (72%); microscopic disease, iliac/obturator dissection (68%); macroscopic disease, inguinal dissection alone (51%); and macroscopic disease, iliac/obturator dissection (44%) (p = 0.0163). On survival analysis, addition of an iliac/obturator dissection in either microscopic or macroscopic disease did not affect disease-free survival or regional lymph node recurrence-free survival. Conclusions The addition of an iliac/obturator dissection to an inguinal dissection for both microscopic and macroscopic nodal disease did not significantly affect lymph node recurrence rates, disease-free survival, or overall survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-108
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American College of Surgeons
Volume219
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This is a review of data from the Sunbelt Melanoma Trial, which was an investigator-initiated clinical trial supported in part by a grant from Schering Oncology Biotech. All data management and subsequent analysis was performed independently at the University of Louisville. Schering Oncology Biotech was not directly involved in the conduct of the trial or in the production of this manuscript.

Copyright:
Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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