Adipose-derived autotaxin regulates inflammation and steatosis associated with diet-induced obesity

J. Anthony Brandon, Maria Kraemer, Julia Vandra, Suchismita Halder, Margo Ubele, Andrew J. Morris, Susan S. Smyth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Autotaxin (ATX) is a secreted enzyme that generates the bioactive lipid lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). We generated mice with global inducible post-natal inactivation or adipose-specific loss of the Enpp2 gene encoding ATX. The animals are phenotypically unremarkable and exhibit differences in adipocyte size and adipose tissue expression of inflammatory genes after high fat feeding without gross differences in fat distribution or body mass. Surprisingly, both models of Enpp2- deficiency exhibited marked protection from high fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis. This phenotype was not associated with differences in dietary fat absorption but may be accounted for by differences in hepatic expression of genes involved in de novo synthesis of triglycerides. These findings suggest that pharmacological inhibition of ATX might be protective against hepatic steatosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0208099
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Brandon et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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