Adolescent-only substance abuse treatment: Availability and adoption of components of quality

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48 Scopus citations

Abstract

There are few studies of the availability and quality of adolescent-only treatment programs. Drawing upon existing samples of publicly and privately funded treatment programs, this research considers whether organizational characteristics are associated with the availability of adolescent-only programming and measures components of quality within these programs. Significant organizational correlates of adolescent-only services included organizational size, location within a hospital setting, center accreditation, adherence to a 12-step treatment model, and reliance on public sources of funding. In-depth interviews were then conducted with 154 managers of adolescent-only treatment programs regarding levels of care offered and service quality. The most prevalent levels of care were standard outpatient and intensive outpatient. Analysis of nine domains of treatment quality revealed a medium level of quality. Treatment quality was significantly greater in programs offering more intensive levels of care. These results are largely consistent with other recent research and suggest a need for continued quality improvement efforts in this treatment sector.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-204
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2009

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Substance Abuse Policy Research Program (Grant 053130). Information on the organizational characteristics of these programs was drawn from data collected through support from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01DA13110 and R01DA14482). The author gratefully acknowledges Dr. Paul M. Roman for access to these data.

Keywords

  • Adolescent substance abuse treatment
  • Health services research
  • Quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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