As families in the United States (U.S.) are increasingly diverse in race and family structure, it is essential to understand family socialization around identity and possible associations with family relationships and child development. In this study, we investigated adoption communicative openness (i.e., how parents talk about adoption) and racial/cultural socialization among 96 adoptive families (46% completed transracial adoption) with lesbian, gay, and heterosexual parents and school-age children (Mage = 8 years) who lived across the U.S. We found that these practices (described by parents) were associated with children’s reports of parent-child relationships and children’s teachers reports of their academic functioning. We discuss the importance of considering distinct forms of identity socialization practices, as reported by different informants, among adoptive families diverse in race and parental sexual orientation, and as related to associations with individual outcomes and family relationships. We describe how our results could inform future research, policy, and practice.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Research in Human Development|
|State||Published - 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the American Psychological Association.
© Copyright © 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Psychology
- Developmental and Educational Psychology