Advanced treatment technologies in the remediation of seleniferous drainage waters and sediments

W. T. Frankenberger, C. Amrhein, T. W.M. Fan, D. Flaschi, J. Glater, E. Kartinen, K. Kovac, E. Lee, H. M. Ohlendorf, L. Owens, N. Terry, A. Toto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Bioaccumulation of selenium (Se) in wetlands and evaporation ponds has created serious hazards to fish and waterfowl in the western United States. Agricultural drainage water is the main source for Se contamination in this region. Treatment technologies currently being evaluated to reduce the Se load in agricultural drainage water include physical, chemical and biological methods. This article focuses on ion-exchange, reverse osmosis, solar ponds, chemical reduction with iron, microalgal-bacterial treatment, volatilization, biological precipitation, and flow-through wetlands to remove Se in water. Advantages and disadvantages of each technology are evaluated and assessed in terms of cost-effectiveness and practical applications in dealing with large volumes of drainage water. With intense research in treatment technologies, it is feasible that a combination of biological, chemical and physical techniques may be employed in the development of a cost-effective strategy to treat agricultural drainage water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-42
Number of pages24
JournalIrrigation and Drainage Systems
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2004

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Bacterial reduction
  • Flow-through wetlands
  • Ion-exchange
  • Microalgal-bacterial treatment
  • Reverse osmosis
  • Selenium
  • Solar ponds
  • Volatilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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