Advances and Perspectives in Near-Infrared Spectrophotometry

James K. Drennen, Elizabeth G. Kraemer, Robert A. Lodder

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37 Scopus citations


Near-infrared spectrophotometric analysis is a rapid technique that typically uses the reflectance of a solid sample at several wavelengths to determine the sample’s composition. A computerized modeling process is generally used to correct for background and sample-matrix interferences. The modeling process employs a training set of samples to, in effect, “teach” the computer to recognize relationships between minute spectral features and sample composition. The contents of the training-set samples must be determined initially by some other reference method before applying the near-IR technique. The model developed from near-IR spectra and reference values gives the sample composition using a number of linear equations. Each of these equations expresses a particular component concentration as a weighted sum of the signals observed at a number of near-IR wavelengths. Instruments used for near-IR spectrophotometry can be as simple as a filter photometer or a grating monochromator. The broad spectral peaks and highly correlated wavelength vectors generally limit the number of wavelengths used in the model. Little or no sample preparation is required by near-IR methods, and many solid samples can be directly analyzed. Near-IR spectrophotometry has found application in agriculture, industry, biology, medicine, and even satellite remote sensing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-475
Number of pages33
JournalCritical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1991

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Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry


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