Near-infrared spectrophotometric analysis is a rapid technique that typically uses the reflectance of a solid sample at several wavelengths to determine the sample’s composition. A computerized modeling process is generally used to correct for background and sample-matrix interferences. The modeling process employs a training set of samples to, in effect, “teach” the computer to recognize relationships between minute spectral features and sample composition. The contents of the training-set samples must be determined initially by some other reference method before applying the near-IR technique. The model developed from near-IR spectra and reference values gives the sample composition using a number of linear equations. Each of these equations expresses a particular component concentration as a weighted sum of the signals observed at a number of near-IR wavelengths. Instruments used for near-IR spectrophotometry can be as simple as a filter photometer or a grating monochromator. The broad spectral peaks and highly correlated wavelength vectors generally limit the number of wavelengths used in the model. Little or no sample preparation is required by near-IR methods, and many solid samples can be directly analyzed. Near-IR spectrophotometry has found application in agriculture, industry, biology, medicine, and even satellite remote sensing.
|Number of pages
|Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry
|Published - Jan 1991
Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- chemometrics pharmaceutics
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry