Collaboration among cancer registries is essential to develop accurate, robust, and generalizable deep learning models for automated information extraction from cancer pathology reports. Sharing data presents a serious privacy issue, especially in biomedical research and healthcare delivery domains. Distributing pretrained deep learning (DL) models has been proposed to avoid critical data sharing. However, there is growing recognition that collaboration among clinical institutes through DL model distribution exposes new security and privacy vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilities increase in natural language processing (NLP) applications, in which the dataset vocabulary with word vector representations needs to be associated with the other model parameters. In this paper, we propose a novel privacy-preserving DL model distribution across cancer registries for information extraction from cancer pathology reports with privacy and confidentiality considerations. The proposed approach exploits the adversarial training framework to distinguish private features from shared features among different datasets. It only shares registry-invariant model parameters, without sharing raw data nor registry-specific model parameters among cancer registries. Thus, it protects both the data and the trained model simultaneously. We compare our proposed approach to single-registry models, and a model trained on centrally hosted data from different cancer registries. The results show that the proposed approach significantly outperforms the single-registry models and achieves statistically indistinguishable micro and macro F1-score as compared to the centralized model.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2019|
|Editors||Chaitanya Baru, Jun Huan, Latifur Khan, Xiaohua Tony Hu, Ronay Ak, Yuanyuan Tian, Roger Barga, Carlo Zaniolo, Kisung Lee, Yanfang Fanny Ye|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Dec 2019|
|Event||2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2019 - Los Angeles, United States|
Duration: Dec 9 2019 → Dec 12 2019
|Name||Proceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2019|
|Conference||2019 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2019|
|Period||12/9/19 → 12/12/19|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This manuscript has been authored by UT - Battelle, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC05-00OR22725 with the U.S. Department of Energy. The United States Government retains and the publisher, by accepting the article for publication, acknowledges that the United States Government retains a nonexclusive, paid-up, irrevocable, world-wide license to publish or reproduce the published form of the manuscript, or allow others to do so, for United States Government purposes. The Department of Energy will provide public access to these results of federally sponsored research in accordance with the DOE Public Access Plan (http://energy.gov/downloads/doe-public-access-plan).
This work has been supported in part by the Joint Design of Advanced Computing Solutions for Cancer (JDACS4C) program established by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) of the National Institutes of Health. This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Argonne National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC02-06-CH11357, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DEAC52-07NA27344, Los Alamos National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC5206NA25396, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC05-00OR22725.
© 2019 IEEE.
- convolutional neural network
- information extraction.
- natural language processing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Artificial Intelligence
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Information Systems
- Information Systems and Management