While participation in cancer screening can facilitate early detection and improved prognosis, all screening tests yield some proportion of abnormal test results which are later determined benign. These false positive (FP) results can negatively impact affective, cognitive, and behavioral outcomes. Women participating in an ovarian cancer (OC) screening program receiving an abnormal screening test result (n = 375) were matched with women receiving normal results (n = 375). Both groups completed a baseline and 1- and 4-month follow-up assessments. FP test results were clearly associated with increased cancer-specific distress and increased perceptions of OC risk with more limited evidence for increased perceived positive consequences of screening and increased intentions to participate in future OC screening. FP OC screening test results negatively impact both affective and cognitive outcomes which may serve to reduce motivation to participate in future routine screening. The development and testing of brief, timely interventions to minimize this negative impact is warranted.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Behavioral Medicine|
|State||Published - Oct 1 2017|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2017, Springer Science+Business Media New York.
- Cancer screening
- Cancer-specific distress
- Ovarian cancer
- Perceived risk
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychology (all)
- Psychiatry and Mental health