Age- A nd Organ-Specific Differences in Mitochondrial Bioenergetics in Brown Norway Rats

Jignesh D. Pandya, Matthew Valdez, Joyce E. Royland, Robert C. MacPhail, Patrick G. Sullivan, Prasada Rao S. Kodavanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Mitochondria play a central role in energy homeostasis and act as regulatory checkpoints for downstream metabolic responses and cell senescence processes during an entire life span. Acute or chronic environmental toxicant exposures have shown deleterious organ-specific human health issues at various life stages. Since mitochondria are a prime target for ensuing cellular bioenergetics responses and senescence, it is essential to understand mitochondrial bioenergetic responses in different organs over multiple life stages. Therefore, in the present study, we evaluated mitochondrial bioenergetic parameters in the liver, lung, and heart in four diverse age groups (young: 1 month; adult: 4 months; middle-aged: 12 months; old-aged: 24 month) using male Brown Norway rats as a model of aging (n = 5 sample size/organ/age group) and compared them with our previously published results on brain. Real-time mitochondrial bioenergetic parameters (i.e., State III, State IV, and State V) were measured using the Seahorse Extracellular Flux Analyzer. Additionally, mitochondrial enzyme pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHC), Complex I, Complex II, and Complex IV activities were measured using Synergy HT plate reader. Our results indicated that nearly in all parameters, significant age- A nd organ-specific interactions were observed. We observed age-specific declines in State III (i.e., ATP synthesis rate) responses in both the heart and lung, where opposite was observed in the liver as age advances. Across the age, the heart has highest enzyme activities than the liver and lung. Interestingly, heart and liver mitochondrial bioenergetic rates and enzyme activities remain higher than the lung, which specifies their higher metabolic capabilities than the lung. Amongst all, bioenergetic rates and enzyme activities in the lung remain lowest suggesting the lung may display higher vulnerability and lower resilience to environmental toxicants during aging than other organs tested here. Overall, these age- A nd organ-specific findings may facilitate a more contextualized understanding of mitochondrial bioenergetic outcomes when considering the interactions of age-related sensitivities with exposure to chemical stressors from the environment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7232614
JournalJournal of Aging Research
StatePublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Jignesh D. Pandya et al.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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