Agriculture, communities, and new social movements: East European ruralities in the process of restructuring

Krzysztof Gorlach, Michal Lošťák, Patrick H. Mooney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


This paper examines the usefulness of the new social movements (NSMs) paradigm in the changing context of East European post-communist societies and their agricultural systems and rural communities. Starting with statements formulated in Western sociology in the context of Western democratic societies about NSMs as a protest against modernity, the paper analyses the role of such movements in the still modernizing Eastern European reality. The first part of the paper briefly examines some basic elements of the NSMs paradigm in European and American social science. The goal of this section is not only to identify the basic characteristics of NSMs, but also to identify the typical frames used by them. The second part of the paper focuses on the presence of NSMs in the communist era. Drawing on the idea of NSMs as indicators of a 'post-materialist shift' as well as of 'anti-establishment' and 'pro-participatory democracy', the paper examines the frames of democratic opposition in Eastern Europe before 1989. The final part of the paper considers several selected examples from Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic to explore the role of NSMs in the process of shaping new ruralities during the post-communist transformation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-171
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Rural Studies
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2008


  • Eastern Europe
  • New social movements
  • Post-communist transition
  • Rurality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science


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