Alcohol and drug use among rural and urban incarcerated substance abusers

Carl G. Leukefeld, Egle Narevic, Matthew L. Hiller, Michele Staton, T. K. Logan, Wayne Gillespie, J. Matthew Webster, Thomas F. Garrity, Rick Purvis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


A number of prisoners use drugs. Limited information is available about the extent to which urban and urban substance abusers differ in their drug use in criminal justice settings. In addition, many believe that rural areas are protected from drug use. However, findings from this study show only marginally statistical significant differences in drug use between incarcerated rural and urban drug users. It was expected that urban drug users would be more drug career involved with consistently higher levels of drug use and associated problems. Specifically, rural drug users in this study were older at age of first use of marijuana and cocaine; report fewer years of cocaine, hallucinogen, and heroin use; and report more alcohol and sedative use. Findings from this study suggest that rural and urban drug users are similar and that rural areas may be protective from some drug use but risky for other drug use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)715-728
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology


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