Alloreactive cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-defined HLA-B7 subtypes differ in peptide antigen presentation

Kelly D. Smith, Douglas F. Epperson, Charles T. Lutz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated T-cell-defined HLA-B7 subtypes using cDNA sequencing, analysis of bound peptides, and reactivity with a panel of alloreactive cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) clones. Three subtypes (HLA-B*0702, HLA-B*0703, and HLA-B*0705) differ in nucleotide and predicted amino acid sequence. CTL reactivity and pooled peptide sequencing show that these three HLA-B7 subtypes bind distinct but overlapping sets of peptides. In particular B*0702 expresses D pocket residue Asp 114 and binds peptides with P3 Arg, whereas B*0705 expresses D pocket residue Asn 114 and binds peptides with P3 Ala, Leu, and Met. Consistent with different peptide-binding specificities, three alloreactive CTL differentiate between cells expressing B*0702, B*0703, and B*0705 by detecting specific peptide/HLA-B7 complexes. In contrast, three other T-cell-defined HLA-B7 subtypes are identical to HLA-B*0702. The B*0702-expressing cell lines are differentiated by two of ten CTL clones. One CTL clone differentiates B*0702-expressing cells by their ability to present peptide antigen. Thus differences in peptide presentation can explain differential CTL recognition of cell lines expressing structurally identical and variant HLA-B7.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-37
Number of pages11
JournalImmunogenetics
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Genetics

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