Route of administration is an important contributor to the adverse health consequences of prescription medication abuse. The current study examines characteristics associated with non-oral routes of administration among a large sample of prescription opioid abusers and explores needlerelated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk behaviors as well. In the study, 791 opioid abusers completed a one-time structured interview, including complete histories of illicit and prescription drug abuse and route of drug administration. The most common method of pill use was oral (91%), followed by intranasal (53.1%), injection (23.8%), and smoking (14.5%). The youngest prescription opioid abusers, ages 18-24, displayed significantly higher odds of using alternate routes of administration and of reusing nonsterile needles for injection. HIV prevention programming should be developed for young prescription opioid injectors.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Addictive Diseases|
|State||Published - 2011|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Hilary Surratt and Steven P. Kurtz are affiliated with Nova Southeastern University, Ft. Lauderdale, FL. Theodore J. Cicero is affiliated with Washington University, St. Louis, MO. Address correspondence to: Hilary Surratt, PhD, Professor, Nova Southeastern University, 2121 Ponce de Leon Blvd., Suite 430, Coral Gables, FL 33134 (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org). The authors thank Dr. James A. Inciardi, primary investigator of this study through 2009. This research is supported by PHS Grant Number R01DA021330 from the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
- Prescription opioid abuse
- Route of administration
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health