“American Chimera: The Ever-Present Domination of Whiteness, Patriarchy, and Capitalism…A Parable”

Roberto Montoya, Cheryl E. Matias, Naomi W.M. Nishi, Geneva L. Sarcedo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Abstract: In Greek mythology, the Chimera is a fire-breathing monster with three heads: one of a lion, one of a horned goat, and one of a powerful dragon. Of similar construction is the presence of three structures in US society, whiteness, patriarchy, and capitalism, which are overwhelmingly represented, valued, and espoused when examining areas of progress, i.e., family income, poverty rates, high school and college graduation rates, and home ownership. This modern American three-headed beast controls, manipulates, and permeates all aspects of US society irrespective of class, culture, or gender. Using critical race theory and critical whiteness studies, this critically interpretive parable draws from the ways in which whiteness, patriarchy, and capitalism function in social, cultural, economic, and educational spheres. The parable tells the story of Sue Libertad and analyzes how this metaphorical Chimera, despite its ubiquity, silently permeates all aspects of her life. Not until a tragic outbreak occurs, does the hegemony of this chimera erodes and Sue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)872-883
Number of pages12
JournalEducational Philosophy and Theory
Issue number9
StatePublished - Jul 28 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Philosophy of Education Society of Australasia.


  • capitalism
  • critical race theory
  • critical whiteness studies
  • patriarchy
  • whiteness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • History and Philosophy of Science


Dive into the research topics of '“American Chimera: The Ever-Present Domination of Whiteness, Patriarchy, and Capitalism…A Parable”'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this