Amphiphilic discotic molecules with hydrophilic side branches consisting of hexaphenyl hexaperi-hexabenzocoronene and hexabiphenyl hexa-peri-hexabiphenylcoronene as the aromatic core and hexasubstituted oligoethers as the branched peripheral chains have been synthesized, and their microstructure has been characterized. The discotic molecules based on dibranched oligoether side chains have been observed to self-organize into a well-ordered hexagonal columnar structure within liquid crystalline phases, which possessed an exceptionally high thermal stability and an unusually wide temperature range over >300°C. We suggest that a combination of the large lateral dimensions of the rigid cores and disordered structure of the oxygen-containing branches tails is a driving force to the formation of a highly ordered columnar structure in the bulk state with enhanced molecular segregation. In contrast to the thermotropic phase behavior that favors the formation of highly ordered columnar aggregates through a strong stacking interaction, the hexabenzocoronene cores are packed in a face-on arrangement at the air/water interface and on solid surfaces with surface domains composed of an array of 7 × 7 molecules. We suggest a crablike molecular conformation and cluster-segregated monolayers with 6-fold symmetry and unusual face-on packing on a solid surface. Preliminary spectroscopic studies in the bulk state have shown that the molecules based on a hexaaromatic-substituted core may serve as functional supramolecular materials with high energy transfer characteristic within the columns due to near-perfect columnar ordering, which is unchanged over a wide temperature range. We believe that an absence of the crystallization phenomenon of side-branched oligoether chains is critical for the formation of long-range columnar ordering with strong intracolumnar correlation of conjugated disks important for high carrier mobility.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of the American Chemical Society|
|State||Published - Aug 7 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemistry (all)
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry