Amyloid β-peptide effects on synaptosomes from apolipoprotein E- deficient mice

Jeffrey N. Keller, Christopher M. Lauderback, D. Allan Butterfield, Mark S. Kindy, Jin Yu, William R. Markesbery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is present in the brain and may contribute to neurophysiologic or neuropathologic events, depending on environmental and genetic influences. Recent studies indicate a role for apoE in synaptic plasticity and maintenance of synaptic membrane symmetry, suggesting that apoE may be involved in regulating synaptic homeostasis. In the present study, cerebrocortical synaptosomes were prepared from transgenic mice lacking apoE (apoE KO) to analyze the possible contribution of apoE toward maintaining homeostasis in synaptosomes. Synaptosomal preparations from apoE KO and wild-type mice exhibited similar basal levels of reactive oxygen species, mitochondrial function, and caspase activity; however, following application of amyloid β-peptide [Aβ(1-40)], apoE KO synaptosomes displayed increased levels of oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and caspase activation compared with synaptosomes from wild-type mice. Synaptosomal membranes from apoE KO mice were more fluid than wild-type synaptosomes and contained higher levels of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, consistent with elevated levels of lipid peroxidation occurring in the synapses of apoE KO mice. Together, these data are consistent with a role for apoE in maintaining homeostasis by attenuating oxidative stress, caspase activation, and mitochondrial homeostasis in synapses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1579-1586
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2000


  • Amyloid β-peptide
  • Apolipoprotein E
  • Caspase
  • Mitochondria
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Synaptosomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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