An additive approach to transform-domain information hiding and optimum detection structure

Qiang Cheng, Thomas S. Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

182 Scopus citations


This paper presents an additive approach to transform-domain information hiding and the performance analysis for images and video. The watermark embedding method is designed to satisfy the perceptual constraints and improve the detectability as well as the information embedding rate. The statistical behaviors of subband coefficients are modeled by the generalized Gaussian distribution. The structure of the optimum detection is built and the performance of the exact asymptotic detection is evaluated using large deviation theory. Our approach can not only achieve good transparency but also precisely control the detection errors. It can be applied to watermarking, authentication, fingerprinting, and steganography.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-284
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Multimedia
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2001

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received June 21, 2000; revised December 12, 2000. This work was supported in part by National Science Foundation Grant CDA 96-24386. The associate editor coordinating the review of this paper and approving it for publication was Dr. Jie Chen.


  • Information hiding
  • Optimum detection
  • Perceptual model
  • Performance analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Media Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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