An Arabidopsis RNA Lariat Debranching Enzyme Is Essential for Embryogenesis

Huai Wang, Kristine Hill, Sharyn E. Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


An embryo-defective mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana was isolated that arrests development at a variety of stages, from as early as the globular stage of embryogenesis to as late as formation of an abnormal bent cotyledon stage embryo. Defects in the suspensor, a normally transient structure derived from the fertilized egg, were often associated with the arrested embryo. The lesion was within a gene encoding a protein with domains characteristic of lariat debranching enzymes, which has been named AtDBR1 (for Arabidopsis thaliana Debranching enzyme 1). Cleavage of the 2′-5′-phosphodiester bond found in excised intron lariats ("debranching") is essential for turnover of intronic sequences as well as generation of some small nucleolar RNAs. The mutation within AtDBR1 was confirmed by complementation as being responsible for the embryo-lethal phenotype, and the activity of the encoded protein in cleavage of 2′-5′-phosphodiester bonds was verified using an in vitro debranching assay.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1468-1473
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 9 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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