An atmospheric pressure, fluidized bed combustion system burning high-chlorine coals in the convection section

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4 Scopus citations


The possibility of firestde corrosion in power plant boiler components is always a major concern when thejuels include high-sulfur and high-chlorine coals (or refuse waste). Sulfur and chloride products may play important roles especially in fireside corrosion in atmospheric pressure, fluidized bed combustion (AFBC) systems, caused by the capture of sulfur and chlorine by limestone used as bed material in the combustor, and the resulting deposition of sulfur- or chlorine-rich compounds onto metallic surfaces. Results were reported from tests in a 0.1-MWth AFBC system where 1,000-h test bums were conducted using two coals with widely differing chlorine levels, and limestone was used as the sulfur sorbent. Coupons of three stainless steels (Types 304 [UNS S30400], 309 [UNS S30900], 347 [UNS S34700]) were exposed to the hotue gases in the freeboard (∼10cm below the location of the convection pass tubes). Deposits formed on the alloys contained high sulfur concentrations in their outer paris, as well as sodium, potassium, magnesium, and calcium. Sulfur appeared to be associated with calcium and magnesium, suggesting that the fly ash may have reacted further after being deposited on the surface of the coupon. Areas of high sulfur concentration also correlated well with areas of high chromium content of the inner layers of the scales. Cross sections of samples indicated that sulfur had penetrated into the alloy and reacted to form sulde corrosion products. There was no direct evidence to show that alkali chlorides were involved in the corrosion process. No chloride was identied in the alloy samples. There was slight oxide spallation observed on all three alloys, with the degree of spoliation in the following order: Type 304 > Type 347 > Type 309.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-306
Number of pages9
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2000


  • Chloride
  • Coal
  • Fluidized bed combustion
  • Stainless steel
  • Sulfur
  • Type 304
  • Type 309
  • Type 347

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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