An empirical test of a general theory of crime: A four-nation comparative study of self-control and the prediction of deviance

Alexander T. Vazsonyi, Lloyd E. Pickering, Marianne Junger, Dick Hessing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

328 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current investigation examined the psychometric properties of Grasmick et al.’s self-control measure and its relationship with deviance on large, representative adolescent samples (N = 8, 417) from Hungary, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and the nited States. Important findings indicate that (1) the self-control measure is multidimensional; (2) the self-control measure is tenable for males, females, five different age groups (15-, 16-, 17-, 18-, and 19-year-olds), and adolescents from four different countries; (3) deviance as assessed by the Normative Deviance Scale (NDS) can be reliably measured in different countries; (4) self-control accounts for 10 to 16 percent of the total variance explained in different types of deviance and for 20 percent in total deviance; and (5) developmental processes involving self-control and deviance are largely invariant by national context. The investigation provides further support for the multidimensional self-control measure and its relationship with deviance independent of national context.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-131
Number of pages41
JournalJournal of Research in Crime and Delinquency
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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