An empirical test of a general theory of crime: A four-nation comparative study of self-control and the prediction of deviance

Alexander T. Vazsonyi, Lloyd E. Pickering, Marianne Junger, Dick Hessing

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

The current investigation examined the psychometric properties of Grasmick et al.'s self-control measure and its relationship with deviance on large, representative adolescent samples (N = 8,417) from Hungary, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and the United States. Important findings indicate that (1) the self-control measure is multidimensional; (2) the self-control measure is tenable for males, females, five different age groups (15-, 16-, 17-, 18-, and 19-year-olds), and adolescents from four different countries; (3) deviance as assessed by the Normative Deviance Scale (NDS) can be reliably measured in different countries; (4) self-control accounts for 10 to 16 percent of the total variance explained in different types of deviance and for 20 percent in total deviance; and (5) developmental processes involving self-control and deviance are largely invariant by national context. The investigation provides further support for the multidimensional self-control measure and its relationship with deviance independent of national context.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSocial Control and Self-Control Theories of Crime and Deviance
Pages191-231
Number of pages41
ISBN (Electronic)9781351548502
StatePublished - Jul 5 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Joseph. Rankin and L. Edward Wells 2011. All rights reserved.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (all)

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