An ensemble of the iCluster method to analyze longitudinal lncRNA expression data for psoriasis patients

Suyan Tian, Chi Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Psoriasis is an immune-mediated, inflammatory disorder of the skin with chronic inflammation and hyper-proliferation of the epidermis. Since psoriasis has genetic components and the diseased tissue of psoriasis is very easily accessible, it is natural to use high-throughput technologies to characterize psoriasis and thus seek targeted therapies. Transcriptional profiles change correspondingly after an intervention. Unlike cross-sectional gene expression data, longitudinal gene expression data can capture the dynamic changes and thus facilitate causal inference. Methods: Using the iCluster method as a building block, an ensemble method was proposed and applied to a longitudinal gene expression dataset for psoriasis, with the objective of identifying key lncRNAs that can discriminate the responders from the non-responders to two immune treatments of psoriasis. Results: Using support vector machine models, the leave-one-out predictive accuracy of the 20-lncRNA signature identified by this ensemble was estimated as 80%, which outperforms several competing methods. Furthermore, pathway enrichment analysis was performed on the target mRNAs of the identified lncRNAs. Of the enriched GO terms or KEGG pathways, proteasome, and protein deubiquitination is included. The ubiquitination-proteasome system is regarded as a key player in psoriasis, and a proteasome inhibitor to target ubiquitination pathway holds promises for treating psoriasis. Conclusions: An integrative method such as iCluster for multiple data integration can be adopted directly to analyze longitudinal gene expression data, which offers more promising options for longitudinal big data analysis. A comprehensive evaluation and validation of the resulting 20-lncRNA signature is highly desirable.

Original languageEnglish
Article number23
JournalHuman Genomics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by a fund (No. 31401123) from the National Natural Science Foundation of China and a fund (No. JJKH20190032KJ) from the Education Department of Jilin Province.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).


  • Integrative clustering (iCluster)
  • Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs)
  • Longitudinal data
  • Psoriasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Drug Discovery


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