An evaluation of children's metered-dose inhaler technique for asthma medications

Patricia V. Burkhart, Mary Kay Rayens, Roxanne K. Bowman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Children's metered-dose inhaler (MDI) technique for asthma medications was evaluated pre- and postteaching. A majority (92%) of the children (N = 36) used their MDIs incorrectly during the pretest. The most common mistakes were: (1) not holding breath after actuation, (2) not waiting between inhalations, (3) inadequately shaking the medication, (4) not inhaling the medication fully, and (5) not using a spacer. The children made significant improvement in their MDI technique after receiving instruction (P < 0.001). The results of this study underscore the importance of teaching and reinforcing accurate medication administration technique at each health encounter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-182
Number of pages16
JournalNursing Clinics of North America
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2005

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Grant # NUR-017 from GlaxoSmithKline (Clinical Applications Research) awarded to Dr. Burkhart. The authors gratefully acknowledge the critical review of the manuscript by Dr. Lynne Hall, Assistant Dean for Research and the PhD Program, College of Nursing, University of Kentucky. The research was presented as a paper presentation at the Southern Nursing Research Society Conference in Louisville, KY in February 2004.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing (all)


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