An Evaluation of Six Brief Interventions That Target Drug-Related Problems in Correctional Populations

George W. Joe, Kevin Knight, D. Dwayne Simpson, Patrick M. Flynn, Janis T. Morey, Norma G. Bartholomew, Michele Staton Tindall, William M. Burdon, Elizabeth A. Hall, Steve S. Martin, Daniel J. O'Connell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Finding brief effective treatments for criminal justice populations is a major public need. The CJ-DATS Targeted Intervention for Corrections (TIC), which consists of six brief interventions (communication, anger, motivation, criminal thinking, social networks, and HIV/sexual health), was tested in separate federally-funded randomized control studies. In total, 1,573 criminal justice-involved individuals from 20 correction facilities participated (78 % males; 54 % White). Multilevel repeated measures analyses found significant gains in knowledge, attitudes, and psychosocial functioning (criteria basic to knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) and TCU treatment process models). While improvements were less consistent in criminal thinking, overall evidence supported efficacy for the TIC interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-33
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Offender Rehabilitation
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Feb 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was funded under a cooperative agreement from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health (NIDA/NIH), with support from the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (all part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services); and from the Bureau of Justice Assistance of the U.S. Department of Justice. The authors gratefully acknowledge the collaborative contributions by NIDA, the Coordinating Center (George Mason University/University of Maryland at College Park), and the Research Centers participating in CJ-DATS (Brown University, Lifespan Hospital; Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services; National Development and Research Institutes, Inc. [NDRI], Center for Therapeutic Community Research; the NDRI Center for the Integration of Research and Practice; Texas Christian University, Institute of Behavioral Research; University of Delaware, Center for Drug and Alcohol Studies; University of Kentucky, Center on Drug and Alcohol Research; University of California at Los Angeles, Integrated Substance Abuse Programs; and University of Miami, Center for Treatment Research on Adolescent Drug Abuse). The contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Department of Health and Human Services, the Department of Justice, NIDA, or other CJ-DATS participants.


  • TCU treatment model
  • Tier 1 treatment
  • adaptive treatment
  • brief interventions
  • criminal justice treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Law


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