An isolated upper airway preparation in conscious dogs

L. Y. Lee, R. F. Morton, M. J. McIntosh, J. A. Turbek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to develop an isolated upper airway preparation in conscious dogs. Each of the four dogs was trained to wear an individually fitted respiratory mask and surgically prepared with two side-hole tracheostomies. After full recovery, one endotracheal tube was inserted caudally into the lower tracheostomy hole and another tube cranially into the upper tracheostomy. When the two endotracheal tubes were connected to a breathing circuit including a box-balloon system, the magnitude and pattern of the inspiratory flow through the upper airway were identical to that inhaled spontaneously into the lungs by the dogs, but the gas medium inhaled into the upper airway could be independently controlled. Thus it allowed test gas mixtures to be inhaled spontaneously through an isolated upper airway. One limitation was that the inspired gas remained in the upper airway during expiration, but this can be corrected by a simple modification of the breathing circuit. This preparation was tested in studying the respiratory effects of upper airway exposure to CO2 gas mixtures. Our results showed small but significant reduction in both rate and volume of respiration when the concentration of CO2 gas mixture inhaled through the upper airway exceeded 5%. Irregular breathing patterns were frequently elicited in these dogs by higher concentrations (> 12%) of CO2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2123-2127
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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