An open-sourced statistical application for identifying complex toxicological interactions of environmental pollutants

Jordan T. Perkins, Michael C. Petriello, Li Xu, Arnold Stromberg, Bernhard Hennig

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The rising number of chemicals that humans are exposed to on a daily basis, as well as advances in biomonitoring and detection technologies have highlighted the diversity of individual exposure profiles (complex body burdens). To address this, the toxicological sciences have begun to shift away from examining toxic agents or stressors individually to focusing on more complex models with multiple agents or stressors present. Literature on interactions between chemicals is fairly limited in comparison with dose-response studies on individual toxicants, which is largely due to experimental and statistical challenges. Experimental designs capable of identifying these complex interactions are often avoided or not evaluated to their fullest potential because of the difficulty associated with appropriate analysis as well as logistical factors. To assist with statistical analysis of these types of experiments, an online, open-sourced statistical application was created for investigators to use to analyze and interpret potential toxicant interactions in laboratory experimental data using a full-factorial three-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). This model utilizes backward selection on interaction terms to model main effects and interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-26
Number of pages4
JournalReviews on Environmental Health
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Research funding: Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number P42ES007380, and by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, US Department of Agriculture, Hatch project KY007069 under 0220363. Conflict of interest: The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health or the National Institute of Food and Agriculture.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.


  • environment
  • pollutants
  • toxicological interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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