An update on Sarcocystis neurona infections in animals and equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM)

J. P. Dubey, D. K. Howe, M. Furr, W. J. Saville, A. E. Marsh, S. M. Reed, M. E. Grigg

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) is a serious disease of horses, and its management continues to be a challenge for veterinarians. The protozoan Sarcocystis neurona is most commonly associated with EPM. S. neurona has emerged as a common cause of mortality in marine mammals, especially sea otters (. Enhydra lutris). EPM-like illness has also been recorded in several other mammals, including domestic dogs and cats. This paper updates S. neurona and EPM information from the last 15 years on the advances regarding life cycle, molecular biology, epidemiology, clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment and control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-42
Number of pages42
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume209
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Published by Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis
  • Life cycle
  • Marine mammals
  • Prevention
  • Sarcocystis neurona

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • General Veterinary

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