Analytical evaluation of CaO-CO2 loop for CO2 removal

Zhen Fan, Liangyong Chen, Fang Liu, Kunlei Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Post-combustion CO2 removal from flue gas at power plant via a two-bed CaO-CO2 loop (CaL) with heat provided by in-situ oxy-fuel combustion has been investigated. Based on the principle of chemical reaction engineering, a simple analytical model with one variable N only (solids circulation ratio) has been built and used for analysis of the CaL process systematically, which includes effects from sorbent reactivity, fuel impurity and the utilization of fuel heat to looping. From the model, the minimum heat duty and the looping penalty are obtained. Both of them are impacted by fuel sulfur and ash significantly. The result also indicates that the optimum solids circulation ratio N will be located between the two minimum points. The furnace factor is important, because it can eventually reduce the fuel firing rate, fuel ash and sulfur effect, oxygen requirement and related auxiliary power, and increase steam cycle efficiency. As found, the heat duty approaches to infinite at a critical solids circulation ratio NC, which is a constraint to the operable N and the fuel burned. All of the effects are interconnected by the model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3233-3241
Number of pages9
JournalHuagong Xuebao/CIESC Journal
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
©, 2015, Chemical Industry Press. All right reserved.


  • CO capture
  • Calcium looping
  • Modeling
  • Reactivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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