Angiotensinogen Suppression: A New Tool to Treat Cardiovascular and Renal Disease

Edwyn O. Cruz-López, Dien Ye, Congqing Wu, Hong S. Lu, Estrellita Uijl, Katrina M.Mirabito Colafella, A. H. Jan Danser

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Multiple types of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockers exist, allowing interference with the system at the level of renin, angiotensin-converting enzyme, or the angiotensin II receptor. Yet, in particular, for the treatment of hypertension, the number of patients with uncontrolled hypertension continues to rise, either due to patient noncompliance or because of the significant renin rises that may, at least partially, overcome the effect of RAS blockade (RAS escape). New approaches to target the RAS are either direct antisense oligonucleotides that inhibit angiotensinogen RNA translation, or small interfering RNA (siRNA) that function via the RNA interference pathway. Since all angiotensins stem from angiotensinogen, lowering angiotensinogen has the potential to circumvent the RAS escape phenomenon. Moreover, antisense oligonucleotides and small interfering RNA require injections only every few weeks to months, which might reduce noncompliance. Of course, angiotensinogen suppression also poses a threat in situations where the RAS is acutely needed, for instance in women becoming pregnant during treatment, or in cases of emergency, when severe hypotension occurs. This review discusses all preclinical data on angiotensinogen suppression, as well as the limited clinical data that are currently available. It concludes that it is an exciting new tool to target the RAS with high specificity and a low side effect profile. Its long-term action might revolutionize pharmacotherapy, as it could overcome compliance problems. Preclinical and clinical programs are now carefully investigating its efficacy and safety profile, allowing an optimal introduction as a novel drug to treat cardiovascular and renal diseases in due time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2115-2126
Number of pages12
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Angiotensin
  • Angiotensinogen
  • Antisense
  • Hypotension
  • Oligonucleotides
  • Renin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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