Cyathostomins are ubiquitous in grazing horses across the world, and anthelmintic resistance has been reported with increasing levels over past decades. The aims of the present study were (i) to investigate the efficacy against encysted larval stages of moxidectin (0.4 mg/kg) and fenbendazole (10 mg/kg daily for five consecutive days) and compare these regimens at 2 and 5 weeks post-treatment, (ii) to investigate individual cyathostomin species associated with shortened egg reappearance periods, and (iii) to document species exhibiting decreased susceptibility to the evaluated compounds. Thirty-six ponies were allocated to treatment groups with half euthanatized 2 weeks post-treatment, and the remainder necropsied after 5 weeks. Luminal and mucosal worm counts were conducted and strongyle egg counts were determined at weekly intervals. At 2 weeks, mean reductions of early L3s were 50.4% and 73.8% for fenbendazole and moxidectin, respectively. At 5 weeks, the respective efficacies were 51.3% and 71.8%. Two week efficacies against late L3s and L4s (LL3s/L4s) were 70.8% and 74.6% for fenbendazole and moxidectin, respectively, whereas very low numbers were found in all three groups at 5 weeks. None of the mucosal counts were significantly different between treatment groups. Fenbendazole and moxidectin reduced luminal worm counts by 93.2% and 98.3% at 2 weeks following administration, with moxidectin group adult counts being significantly lower than the other two groups (P < 0.0001). Both treatment groups had increased counts 3 weeks later (P = 0.0415). A moxidectin ERP of 4 weeks was associated with surviving luminal L4s, and adult species contributing to this were Cyathostomum catinatum, Cylicostephanus longibursatus, Cylicocyclus ashworthi and Cylicocyclus nassatus. This study documented (i) larvicidal efficacy of fenbendazole much lower than historical standards, (ii) survival of luminal immatures (L4) following moxidectin administration, and (iii) new information about cyathostomin species associated with these phenomena.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||International Journal for Parasitology|
|State||Published - Feb 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported through a grant from Zoetis, LLC, USA . The authors gratefully acknowledge the contributions of Dr. Eugene T. Lyons, Sharon C. Tolliver, Holli D. Gravatte, Faith L. Miller, Melissa George, Kelsey Paras, Marie Noel, Katie Lacy, Danielle Rolle and Athena Handras to the completion of this study, especially the collection and processing of samples at necropsy. Kevin Gallagher, Seth Hatfield, John Allen, Chip Stamper, Chad Tucker and Mason Mulholland are warmly acknowledged for their help with transport and logistics during this study.
© 2017 Australian Society for Parasitology
- Egg reappearance
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases