Anti-Black Racism, Self-Esteem, and the Adjustment of White Students in Higher Education

Patton O. Garriott, Keisha M. Love, Kenneth M. Tyler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The present study examined the negative consequences of racism to White university students. It was hypothesized that anti-Black racism would impact students' self-esteem, college social adjustment, and college personal-emotional adjustment above and beyond academic adjustment. It was further expected that self-esteem would mediate the relationship between racism and college adjustment. In a White university student sample, students reporting attitudes reflecting a combination of overtly racist and egalitarian attitudes toward Blacks also reported lower levels of self-esteem and college social adjustment. Furthermore, self-esteem mediated the relationship between anti-Black racism and college social adjustment. Findings inform the multidimensional nature of negative consequences of racism to Whites in higher education. A discussion of implications from this research with regard to the creation of diverse and culturally sensitive university environments is presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-58
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Diversity in Higher Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2008


  • White students
  • campus climate
  • college adjustment
  • racial diversity
  • racism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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