Anxiety and employment discrimination: Implications for counseling and return to work practice

Jenny L. Cureton, Mykal Leslie, Brian McMahon, Hannah E. Lowe, Bridget Tovey, Phillip D. Rumrill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: The most prevalent mental health diagnosis is anxiety disorder, which remains largely undertreated. OBJECTIVE: This investigation considered differences in workplace discrimination against adults with anxiety disorders during two eras of legal history: the original Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA, 1990-2008) and the ADA Amendments Act (ADAAA, 2009-present). METHOD: Research questions addressed differential (a) numbers and types of allegations, (b) case resolutions, and (c) demographic characteristics of the charging parties. RESULTS: Results indicated substantially more allegations and merit-based resolutions filed by charging parties with anxiety disorders post-ADAAA. Furthermore, the post-ADAAA era revealed increases in allegations from women and people from non-white racial groups. CONCLUSION: These findings can inform advocacy and counseling and rehabilitation services for clients who experience anxiety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1091-1102
Number of pages12
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 29 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 - IOS Press. All rights reserved.


  • advocacy
  • Anxiety disorders
  • counseling
  • disabilities
  • workplace discrimination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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