Anxiety, fear and stress feelings of road users during daily walking in COVID-19 pandemic: Sicilian cities

Tiziana Campisi, Socrates Basbas, Mirto Trouva, Thomas Papas, Nurten Akgün-Tanbay, Nikiforos Stamatiadis, Giovanni Tesoriere

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly influenced people's lifestyles including their travel choices. The pandemic resulted in placing restrictions in travelling throughout Italy due to the obligatory need for social distancing and changes in public transport services. City residents changed their mobility patterns and started using their private vehicles more often instead of public transport, while choosing to walk or cycle for short distance trips. Governments and local authorities encouraged citizens to use sustainable travel modes, particularly walking, during the pandemic period. However, the high number of infections and deaths, especially in Italy, has strongly influenced the propensity of walking due to the emotional aspects of travelling. This paper presents a statistical analysis based on data gathered through a questionnaire in urban areas of Sicily focusing on travel by walking for either leisure or work. The evaluation of negative emotions that people who habitually walk for short distances in the study areas is the main focus of the present work.The data indicated a variation between three emotions: anxiety, stress, and fear. These emotions had a potential to influence people's daily life and, as a result, their travel habits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-114
Number of pages8
JournalTransportation Research Procedia
StatePublished - 2022
Event24th Euro Working Group on Transportation Meeting, EWGT 2021 - Aveiro, Portugal
Duration: Sep 8 2021Sep 10 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.. All rights reserved.


  • COVID-19
  • Pedestrian feelings
  • Road users
  • Sustainable mobility
  • Walking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transportation


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