Apolipoprotein A-II Modulates the Binding and Selective Lipid Uptake of Reconstituted High Density Lipoprotein by Scavenger Receptor BI

Maria C. De Beer, Diane M. Durbin, Lei Cai, Nichole Mirocha, Ana Jonas, Nancy R. Webb, Frederick C. De Beer, Deneys R. Van der Westhuyzen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

High density lipoprotein (HDL) represents a mixture of particles containing either apoA-I and apoA-II (LpA-I/A-II) or apoA-I without apoA-II (LpA-I). Differences in the function and metabolism of LpA-I and LpA-I/A-II have been reported, and studies in transgenic mice have suggested that apoA-II is pro-atherogenic in contrast to anti-atherogenic apoA-I. The molecular basis for these observations is unclear. The scavenger receptor BI (SR-BI) is an HDL receptor that plays a key role in HDL metabolism. In this study we investigated the abilities of apoA-I and apoA-II to mediate SR-BI-specific binding and selective uptake of cholesterol ester using reconstituted HDLs (rHDLs) that were homogeneous in size and apolipoprotein content. Particles were labeled in the protein (with 125I) and in the lipid (with [ 3H]cholesterol ether) components and SR-BI-specific events were analyzed in SR-BI-transfected Chinese hamster ovary cells. At 1 μg/ml apolipoprotein, SR-BI-mediated cell association of palmitoyloleoylphosphatidylcholine-containing AI-rHDL was significantly greater (3-fold) than that of AI/AII-rHDL, with a lower Kd and a higher Bmax for AI-rHDL as compared with AI/AII-rHDL. Unexpectedly, selective cholesterol ester uptake from AI/AII-rHDL was not compromised compared with AI-rHDL, despite decreased binding. The efficiency of selective cholesterol ester uptake in terms of SR-BI-associated rHDL was 4-5-fold greater for AI/AII-rHDL than AI-rHDL. These results are consistent with a two-step mechanism in which SR-BI binds ligand and then mediates selective cholesterol ester uptake with an efficiency dependent on the composition of the ligand. ApoA-II decreases binding but increases selective uptake. These findings show that apoA-II can exert a significant influence on selective cholesterol ester uptake by SR-BI and may consequently influence the metabolism and function of HDL, as well as the pathway of reverse cholesterol transport.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15832-15839
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume276
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - May 11 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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