Apoptotic-like changes in equine spermatozoa separated by density-gradient centrifugation or after cryopreservation

A. M. Brum, K. Sabeur, B. A. Ball

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective was to evaluate apoptotic markers in ejaculated equine spermatozoa after separation by density-gradient centrifugation and after cryopreservation. Subpopulations of percoll-separated equine spermatozoa differed (P < 0.05) in the percentage of live, caspase-activated spermatozoa (2.9 ± 0.7% vs 14.2 ± 6.4%; mean ± S.E.M.), low mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP; 6.8 ± 1.1 vs 23.8 ± 3.7), altered plasma membrane permeability (1.3 ± 0.2 vs 3.0 ± 0.5), DNA fragmentation (2.0 ± 1.3 vs 14.3 ± 3.6), total motility (81.8 ± 3.3 vs 35.1 ± 5.4), and progressive motility (66.3 ± 4.3 vs 24.1 ± 4.5) for high-density versus low-density subpopulations, respectively. Phosphatidylserine externalization did not differ (P = 0.67) between the high- and low-density subpopulations (2.6 ± 0.7 vs 3.1 ± 0.9). After cryopreservation, equine spermatozoa differed (P < 0.01) in the percentage of active caspases (19.1 ± 1.6 vs 52.1 ± 2.8), low MMP (18.2 ± 2.5 vs 48.7 ± 2.6), altered plasma membrane permeability (6.8 ± 1.7 vs 17.6 ± 2.0), total motility (75.5 ± 2.4 vs 45.2 ± 5.6), and progressive motility (53.9 ± 3.1 vs 28.3 ± 4.5) for pre-freeze versus cryopreserved spermatozoa. There was no difference (P = 0.21) in percentage of DNA fragmented cells before (5.5 ± 1.2) versus after cryopreservation (6.6 ± 1.1). We concluded that apoptotic-like changes were detectable in ejaculated equine spermatozoa and were more prevalent after cryopreservation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1041-1055
Number of pages15
JournalTheriogenology
Volume69
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2008

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Supported by the John P. Hughes Endowment. The authors thank Barbara Stewart, LaTisha Burnaugh, Alysia Thomas and Carol Oxford for technical assistance.

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Cryopreservation
  • Equine
  • Flow cytometry
  • Spermatozoa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals
  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Equine

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