Arterial distensibility in systemic lupus erythematosus

E. R. Greene, K. R. Lanphere, J. Sharrar, C. A. Roldan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypical autoimmune disease that is atherogenic. Decreased arterial distensibility (AD) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and this precursor may be associated with SLE. Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that patients with SLE will have significantly (p < 0.05) decreased AD when compared to normal, healthy age, and gender matched controls. Noninvasive, high resolution ultrasound was performed on 30 patients with chronic SLE and 16 age and gender matched controls. All were female. Maximum systolic and minimum diastolic diameters (mm) and intima-media thickness (IMT, mm) in the right common carotid artery were measured from M-mode images. In vitro arterial models were used for quality control. With a single, blinded observer, the 95% confidence levels for accuracy and precision for noninvasive systolic and diastolic tonometric arm blood pressures (SBP, DBP) and carotid sonographic diameters were -5 mmHg and -0.10 mm, respectively. Derived measurements for strain (%), stiffness (units), and AD (units) were determined by published arterial mechanical models and algorithms. Results (mean/standard deviation) were as follows: (patients/controls; # =p<0.05) Age 39/11, 35/11 years; SBP 130/20, 117/8# mmHg; DBP 82/11, 74/9# mmHg; strain 11/4, 11/4 %); stiffness 19/10, 17/11 units; IMT 0.44/0.08, 0.41/0.06 mm; AD 3.10/1.49, 3.30/1.63 units. There were no statistically significant differences (p<0.05) in measurements of AD and IMT in the common carotid artery between relatively young SLE patients and well matched controls.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEngineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009
Pages1109-1112
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Event31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009 - Minneapolis, MN, United States
Duration: Sep 2 2009Sep 6 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009

Conference

Conference31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityMinneapolis, MN
Period9/2/099/6/09

Keywords

  • Arterial distensibility
  • Carotid artery
  • Intima-media thickness
  • Noninvasive ultrasound
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • General Medicine

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