Arterial hemodynamics are impaired at rest and following acute exercise in overweight young men

Stephanie M. Moore, Adam J. Berrones, Jody L. Clasey, Mark G. Abel, Bradley S. Fleenor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with greater cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, in part due to aortic stiffening assessed by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV). Importantly, greater cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF; VO2peak) decreases CVD risk, and is associated with reductions in aortic stiffness. We tested the hypothesis that young adult overweight (OW, n=17) compared with healthy-weight (HW, n=17) men will have greater resting aortic stiffness, reduced CRF and an impaired post-exercise hemodynamic response. Resting cfPWV was greater in OW versus HW individuals (5.81 ± 0.13 vs 4.81 ± 0.12 m/sec, p<0.05). Relative CRF (VO2peak; mL/kg/min) was lower in OW compared with HW individuals (49.4 ± 1.3 vs 57.6 ± 1.0 mL/kg/min, p<0.05), and was inversely related with cfPWV (p<0.05). However, CRF as absolute VO2peak (L/min) was not different between groups and there was no relation between cfPWV and absolute VO2peak (L/min), indicating reduced relative CRF in OW men is due to greater body mass. Following the maximal treadmill exercise test, cfPWV was greater in OW compared with HW subjects from rest to 60 minutes post-exercise (p<0.05). Compared with HW, OW individuals had higher systolic blood pressure (main effect, p<0.05) and diastolic blood pressure was selectively increased for up to 60 minutes following exercise (p<0.05). Overweight individuals had an attenuated post-exercise decrease in mean arterial pressure (p<0.05). Collectively, these results indicate that young, apparently healthy, OW men have greater resting aortic stiffening and an impaired post-exercise hemodynamic response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-505
Number of pages9
JournalVascular Medicine (United Kingdom)
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2016.

Keywords

  • aortic stiffness
  • exercise
  • overweight
  • pulse wave velocity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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