Arteriovenous malformation of the pancreas: A case report and review of literature

Fadi Makhoul, Paramjeet Kaur, Thomas D. Johnston, Hoonbae Jeon, Roberto Gedaly, Dinesh Ranjan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Extrahepatic arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract are rare and mostly asymptomatic congenital anomalies. The present case describes a 45-year-old woman with an AVM in the head of the pancreas, which caused massive GI bleeding that recurred after embolization, and which was subsequently treated with a pylorus-preserving Whipple pancreaticoduodenectomy. The authors then review the available literature pertaining to AVMs of the GI tract, the diagnostic modalities that have been used to identify them and the treatment approaches that have been described to date, which range from coil embolization of the feeding artery to radical resection of the affected organ. It is important to remember that these lesions shunt blood between the high-pressure arterial system and the low-pressure portal system, which leads to the much dreaded consequence of portal hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-213
Number of pages3
JournalInternational Journal of Angiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2008


  • Arteriovenous malformation
  • Osler-Weber-Rendu disease
  • Portal hypertension
  • Pylorus-preserving Whipple pancreaticoduodenectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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